The teaching of thinking, in particular critical thinking, will only lead to a thorough thought integrity. And the information is not taken directly from outside. With critical thinking skills, you create new information with meaning. Thus, as a result of learning to think critically, it develops the ability to make the right decisions and understand the developments. The definition of critical thinking is the problem analysis method which includes the high-level thinking which forms the basis of decision-making.
What is Critical Thinking Definition?
Critical thinking is one of the basic human characteristics emphasized by contemporary learning theory.
A person who can accomplish successful thinking uses critical thinking skills in determining the purpose of his life. He / She can use them in making smart decisions and using them continuously to solve the problems.
Critical thinking is a result of the activities of individuals to produce, use and evaluate information. In the process of critical thinking, the individual performs mental activities such as knowledge generation and evaluation, consistency, applicability, competence, integration and communication.
Critical thinking is a mental process that aims to understand ourselves and the events around us by applying what we have learned.
What is the Importance of Critical Thinking?
The main objective of critical thinking education is to examine propositions, to review the effects of one’s own and other people’s ideas. At the same time, the individual is aware of the mistakes and biases that he/she may lose in his/her own thinking process.
If you memorize the solution of a problem, maybe you can solve that problem skillfully. However, if you develop your critical skills, you have many mental skills that will provide an effective solution to many new problems. It is extremely important to develop critical thinking skills in order to identify and reject false ideas and ideologies.
Critical thinking is not just ’more‘ thinking. In defending an idea, one can take advantage of his or her own mistakes and perspective.
What Should Be Features of Critical Thinking?
- When analyzing events and asking questions, we need to be interested in finding the best explanation rather than justified.
- Generally, you should base on thoughts to logic rather than emotion.
- When we realize our own assumptions, prejudices, or perspectives, we start to think critically.
- You need evidence to prove your reasonableness.
- When we notice our emotional feelings, our selfish impulses, our malicious intentions, critical thinking goes to work. In other words, when we are honest with ourselves, we mobilize critical thinking. When we consider all the positive results, when we consider the various perspectives and perspectives. We use critical thinking when we are open for all kind of different opinions.
What are the Effecting Factors of Critical Thinking?
Being selective, one-sided thinking, hurry, stubbornness, fear of making mistakes effects our thinking. And also affecting factors are memory misconceptions, ignorance, preconception, mimicry, in an unjustified way. At the same time, the limitations of perception, not knowing the principles of logic, not knowing the research techniques also prevent the top thinking.
What are the Benefits of Critical Thinking?
If we give some examples for critical thinking benefits, they can be as follow.
- The person gains the ability to test the source of information and to question its accuracy.
- He/she tries to find the truth with healthy methodical doubt.
- You can distinguish valid and invalid information.
- Gives the ability to examine in depth.
- You move away from prejudice and bias.
- Thus, you can distinguish between what is right and what is claimed.
- You also gain the ability to distinguish inconsistencies. It allows us to realize and benefit from different learning and thinking styles.
- Also, you get free and independent thinking skills.
- Your sense of responsibility is strengthened.
- You gain multi-faceted thinking skills.
- In additional, you gain the ability to think flexibly.
- Contributes to creative thinking skills.
- Strengthens logical thinking skills.
- You can evaluate events with different perspective.